Referential Equality

We can say two objects are referentially equal when the pointers of the two objects are the same or when the operators are the same object instance. For example {} === {} is false because it is checking referential equality.

Example:

<script>
    var a = 1;
    var b = 1;
    console.log(a == b); // true
    console.log(a === b); // true

    var c = 10;
    var d = "10";
    console.log(c == d); // true
    console.log(c === d); // false

    const name1 = {
        first_name: "sarah",
    };

    const name2 = {
        first_name: "sarah",
    };

    console.log(name1 == name2); // false
    console.log(name1 === name2); // false

    console.log(Object.is(name1, name2)); // false
    console.log(Object.is(name1, name1)); // true
</script>
References

webdevsimplified
geeksforgeeks
Object is